Drinking regimen and balance of water in the body
Household water filters
Under the drinking regime, it is customary to understand the rational order of water consumption. Proper drinking regimen provides a normal water-salt balance and creates favorable conditions for the vital activity of the body.
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The balance of water, in turn, implies that the human body in the process of life receives from the outside and releases the same amount of water to the outside.
If this balance is disturbed in one direction or another, changes occur up to serious violations of the life process.
With a negative balance, i.e. insufficient intake of water into the body, body weight drops, blood viscosity increases – this disrupts the supply of oxygen and energy to tissues and, as a result, body temperature rises, pulse and breathing become more frequent, thirst and nausea arise, and efficiency decreases.
On the other hand, with excessive drinking, digestion worsens (gastric juice is too diluted), there is an additional burden on the heart (due to excessive blood thinning). The body strives to compensate for the amount of incoming water due to greater sweating, and the load on the kidneys also increases sharply. At the same time, with sweat and through the kidneys, minerals valuable for the body (in particular, table salt) begin to be more intensively excreted, which disrupts the salt balance. Even short-term overload with water can lead to rapid muscle fatigue and even cause cramps. Therefore, by the way, athletes never drink during the competition, but only rinse their mouths with water.